Tancred DE HAUTEVILLE, Sir
Born: 0970, Near Cautauces, Normandy, France
? Fressnda b. WFT Est 996-1053, m. WFT Est 1015-1079
+Sir I ROGER, Count Of (b. 1030, d. 1101)
? Muriella b. WFT Est 986-1035, m. ABT 0992
William GUISCARD (b. AFT 1015)
Serio GUISCARD (b. AFT 1015)
Geoffrey GUISCARD (b. AFT 1015)
Humphrey GUISCARD (b. AFT 1015)
Drogo GUISCARD (b. AFT 1015)
11-13-05 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Tancred of Hauteville
Tancred of Hauteville (Hauteville-la-Guichard) was a norman noble, about whom little is known ; his historical importance comes entirely from the accomplishments of his sons and later descendants. He was a minor noble near Coutances in the Cotentin (Normandy), but it is not even certain which of the 3 villages called Hauteville he held. Various legends later arose about him which have no supporting contemporary evidence.
He had 12 sons by his two wives, and several daughters, almost all of whom left Normandy for southern Italy and acquired some prominence there.
By his first wife Muriel he had 5 sons:
Serlo of Hauteville (stayed in Normandy), count of Hauteville (1041) ;
William Iron-Arm, count of Apulia (1042-1046) ;
Drogo, count of Apulia 1046-1051 ;
Humphrey, count of Apulia 1051-1057 ;
Godfrey of Loritello, count of Loritello (Italy) ;
By his second wife Fressenda (or Fredesenda) he had 7 sons and at least 1 daughter:
Robert Guiscard, count of Apulia (1057), duke of Apulia, Calabria, and Sicily (1059-1085) ;
Mauger of Hauteville, count of Capitanate (1056-1059) ;
Willerm, Guillerm (? ; Willermus in latin), count of the Principate ;
Alvared (Alveredus in latin), stayed in Normandy ;
Humbert (stayed in Normandy) ;
Tancred (stayed in Normandy) ;
Roger I of Sicily, count of Sicily in 1062 ;
Fressenda, who married Richard Ier dAversa (dead in 1078), count of Aversa and Prince of Capua ;
For the Tancred who participated in the First Crusade, who is sometimes also called Tancred of Hauteville, see Tancred, Prince of Galilee. For the Tancred who was King of Sicily in the late 12th century, see Tancred of Sicily.
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Prince of Antioch, born about 1072; died at Antioch, 12 Dec., 1112. He was the son of Marquess Odo and Emma, probably the daughter of Robert Guiscard. He took the Cross in 1096 with the Norman lords of Southern Italy and joined the service of his uncle Bohemund. Having disembarked at Arlona (Epirus), they marched towards Constantinople, and Tancred soon attracted attention by his activity, bravery, and somewhat undisciplined zeal; according to his biographer, Raoul de Caen, he was noted also for his humanity and kindness towards the defenceless. He brilliantly repulsed the Byzantine army which attacked him as he was crossing the Vardar (28 Feb., 1097) from which time Tancred became and remained the bitter enemy of the Greeks. Unlike Bohemund, he was the only one of all the leaders who refused to take the oath of fidelity demanded by Alexis Comnenus. He played an important part in the siege of Nicæa, and later, during the difficult march through Asia Minor, he led the way southwards and captured Tarsus which Baldwin tried in vain to wrest from him (Sept., 1097). While Baldwin advanced towards the Euphrates, Tancred seized the towns of Cilicia. He took an active part also in the siege of Antioch. In the march on Jerusalem he commanded the vanguard, and on 15 July, 1099, he entered the city, after making a breach in the gate of St. Stephen. He vainly endeavoured to save the lives of 300 Mussulmans who had taken refuge in the Mosque of Omar (Templum Domini). On the other hand he looted the treasures amassed in that building and distributed them among his knights. He received from Godfrey de Bouillon, who had been selected over him as king, the fiefs of Tiberias and Caïfa. When Bohemund was captured by the Turks in July, 1100, Tancred assumed the government of the Principality of Antioch, and extended its boundaries at the expense of the Turks and the Greeks. During the war between Bohemund and Alexis Comnenus (1104-08), Tancred defended both the Principality of Antioch and the Courtship of Edessa; he also strengthened the Christian power in those districts, and refused to recognize the Treaty of Durazzo by which Bohemund had ceded the suzerainty of Antioch to the emperor. A skilled politician, he knew how to placate the Greeks and issued Greek money on which he is represented adorned with gold and jewels, wearing a turban surmounted by a cross.
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